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وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا لِتُنْذِرَ أُمَّ الْقُرَى وَمَنْ حَوْلَهَا وَتُنْذِرَ يَوْمَ الْجَمْعِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ فَرِيقٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَفَرِيقٌ فِي السَّعِيرِ 7
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z Thus have We revealed unto thee an Arabic Quran that thou mayest warn the Mother of Cities and those around it, and that thou mayest warn of the Day of Gathering in which there is no doubt. A group shall be in the Garden and a group shall be in the Blaze. 7 Similar to v. 3, just as previous prophets were given revelations in the language of their respective peoples, so too was the Prophet Muhammad given revelation in the form of an Arabic Quran (cf. 12:2; 16:103; 20:113; 26:195; 39:28; 41:3; 43:3; Q, Ṭs), which should here be understood in its literal sense as an “Arabic recitation”; see 39:28c. Makkah is the Mother of Cities, a name understood to mean that it is nobler than all other cities (IK). In this regard, the Prophet is reported to have addressed Makkah saying, “By God! Thou art the best land of God, the most beloved land of God. Were it not for the fact that I was driven from thee, I would never have left thee” (IK). Regarding the nobility of Makkah, see commentary on 6:92; 27:91; 90:1-2. The Day of Gathering (cf. 64:9) refers to the Day of Resurrection, when all human beings of all generations and all jinn will be gathered, each community behind its prophet (see 17:71c), on a single open, barren plain for judgment (see, e.g., 3:25; 4:87; 6:128; 18:47; 20:106; 79:14); see also 64:9c.