¡ Alif. Lām. Rā. These are the signs of the Book and a clear
1 The Arabic letters alif, lām, and rāʾ, which also appear in 10:1; 11:1; 12:1; 13:1; and 14:1, are among the separated letters (al-muqaṭṭaʿāt) found at the beginning of twenty-nine sūrahs; their true meaning, most commentators maintain, is known ultimately only to God; see 2:1c. The Book and a clear Quran (see also 36:69) may refer to the same reality, either the Quran (Bḍ, R, Z) or this particular sūrah (Bḍ). Others understand the Book to refer to the revelations prior to the Quran, such as the Torah and the Gospel (Q, Ṭ). A clear Quran denotes the Quran’s ability to make known with clarity what is true as distinct from what is false (JJ).