+ and does not urge feeding the indigent.
3 Cf. 89:17-18; 69:34. If v. 2 can be seen as a reference to all that one who denies religion does in opposing the proper moral order, v. 3 can be seen as a reference to all that one does not do. This verse could also be rendered, “And does not encourage giving the food of the indigent,” implying that the food being withheld from the indigent is actually something to which the indigent have a right, for the believer is one in whose
wealth is an acknowledged due for the beggar and the deprived (70:24-25; cf. 51:19). On the one hand, the present verse admonishes those who do not themselves feed the indigent. On the other, it admonishes those who implore others not to do so and who are therefore not only stingy with their own money, but encourage stinginess in others. This is related to 36:47, where those who do not wish to feed the needy offer a pseudo-theological excuse for not doing so, saying, Are we to feed those whom, if God willed, He would feed?