تفسير الآية [7,8]
فَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ 7 , وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ 8
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z So whosoever does a mote’s weight of good shall see it. { And whosoever does a mote’s weight of evil shall see it. 7-8 Cf. 34:3: Not a mote’s weight evades Him in the heavens or on earth, nor smaller than that, nor larger, but that it is in a clear Book (cf. 10:61; 54:52-53). According to Muqātil ibn Sulaymān, one of the earliest Quran commentators, “These two verses were revealed about two men. One of them deemed it unworthy to give beggars one date, a small piece of bread, or one walnut, saying to himself, ‘Such things are nothing. We only get rewarded when we give away something that we love.’ The other man used to belittle minor sins such as small lies, backbiting, and looking at that which is unlawful, saying to himself, ‘No onus is upon me because of engaging in this, for God only threatens those who commit major sins with Hellfire.’ And so God revealed these two verses, encouraging people to perform even small acts of goodness, since they add up in the end, and cautioning them against even small sins, since they add up in the end” (W). There are many aḥādīth that reinforce this message, among them, “Fear the Fire, even if by giving half a date in charity, and even if by saying a single word of good” (IK). The Prophet’s wife ʿĀʾishah is reported to have said, “He used to say, ‘O ʿĀʾishah! Beware of the sins that are belittled, for indeed they will be taken account of by God’” (IK). That everything will be recorded in a book or in a clear book is reiterated in several verses (6:59; 10:61; 11:6; 20:52; 22:70; 27:75; 34:3; 35:11; 57:22; 78:29). Sometimes this record is understood as a reference to all deeds and at other times as a reference to all that exists. For a discussion of the book in which the deeds of human beings are recorded, see 18:49c and 69:19-29.