¡ Alif. Lām. Mīm.
1 The Arabic letters alif, lām, and mīm, which also appear in 2:1; 3:1; 29:1; 30:1; and 31:1, are among the separated letters (al-muqaṭṭaʿāt) found at the beginning of
twenty-nine sūrahs and whose meaning is considered by most commentators to be ultimately known only to God; see 2:1c. In an allusive commentary upon this verse, alMaybudī writes, “Alif alludes to God; lām alludes to Gabriel; and mīm alludes to Muhammad. He is saying, ‘It is by My Divinity, by Gabriel’s holiness, and by thy splendor, O Muhammad, that this revelation, which is the Quran that We promised unto thee, would be thy level of prophethood and thy ruling power.”